The oil and gas industry functions in highly volatile environments, making procurement and supply chain management an especially challenging process. The fluctuating oil and gas prices and the current geopolitical instability ushered in by several factors such as the ongoing Ukraine-Russia war have forced oil and gas companies to re-evaluate their procurement and supply chain management best practices, costs and techniques. While the adoption of these best practices varies from geography to geography, most players in the industry are adopting advanced technologies, collaborative supplier relationship management and optimised inventory management and so on to reduce costs, and improve efficiencies and customer service.
Harvard Business Review puts its that purchased services and products account for more than 50 percent of the total costs for an average oil and gas company, signifying that even if companies reduce their purchase costs by 5%, they can significantly improve their profit margins. They can achieve this by adopting best procurement and supply chain practices though better materials/supplier relationship management, supply chain market intelligence and supply chain talent and technology.
Here, in this article, we look at some ways in which oil and gas companies can improve their procurement and supply chain best practices.
Procurement and supply chain market intelligence: Simply put, this refers to the process of collating real-time data and analysing the information to gain insights into the current market and future trends. The information also helps in strategy adoption and implementation for both current and future sourcing of material. Further, it also enables oil and gas companies to anticipate changes in the market, and plan and deal with procurement and supply chain challenges, which can manifest in the form of constrained capacity, volatile markets, and infrastructure. Accordingly, they can determine their best sourcing partners, the best price to pay, and the targets and benchmarks to follow in order to achieve competitive edge in the market.
Supplier benchmarking: The oil and gas industry is greatly dependent on suppliers to source products and equipment that are crucial to their operations. All this adds to their supply chain management risk, making it mandatory for them to adopt a method of supplier benchmarking. This they can achieve by recording and measuring the performance and robustness of the contractors they employ for various product and spend categories, and constantly engage with them to ensure they meet the necessary obligations for safety, equipment, training and other regulatory compliance.
Implement cutting-edge solutions: Oil and gas companies are increasingly been seen to adopting advanced technologies to extract oil; however, there is equal urgent need to consider technology adoption to strengthen supply chain and procurement systems and achieve additional value. These supply chain solutions are finding use in forecasting demand, inventory and contractor management, and e-procurement. These cutting-edge solutions can revolutionize procurement and supply chain management in the oil and gas industry, enabling companies to achieve more transparent and accountable supply chains at each rung of the value chain.
Nurture talent: Even the best in class technology cannot sustain procurement and supply chain performance if it is not supported by the right people at the right time. As is the case with all other industries, oil and gas companies have to deal with shortage of talent emerging from aging workforce and increasing shortage of skill. It is therefore important for them to effectively recruit and continuously train their talent in crucial procurement and supply chain functions, and perhaps even invest in industry-academia partnership to nurture and grow supply chain talent.
In a highly competitive arena, it is important for oil and gas companies to improve their procurement and supply chain practices and add transparency and accountability at each rung of the value chain. As stated above, even a 5% reduction in purchase costs can lead to significant savings, and more so at a time when the oil and gas prices are extremely volatile.
While technology adoption and decision-making based on real-time data and market intelligence can greatly strengthen the supply chain, there is need for oil and gas companies to recruit and constantly train their human resources, while also giving them enough opportunity to grow their careers.
With this said, the companies would also benefit from identifying the associated costs at each rung of the supply chain for each product category and accordingly implement appropriate interventions, for instance, seek out new suppliers, change specifications or even alter contract terms, as necessary.
Secondly, they can also build custom fit procurement processes that help to engage with suppliers earlier in the process and ensure better clarity in the operations. Third, it is equally crucial to manage risks across the entire spending portfolio, proactively manage the supply base and ensure sustainability.
In sum, effective implementation of best practices in procurement and supply chain is the way forward for oil and gas companies to reduce their costs and optimize their business activities.